NPT Top 100 (2019): An In-Depth Study of America’s Largest Nonprofits

Revenue grew faster than expenses as donors did their part

Fundraising was humming along about 10 percent ahead of budget for Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) heading into December 2018. That month became the most volatile period of the year for stock markets. By year’s end, MSF had lost its fundraising headwind, ending up down a little more than 1 percent.

“We can’t control the fundraising climate in December but what we really tried to do more and more is to be prepared and we do that with a strong foundation of sustainers,” said Mikhaela Reid, marketing director for the New York City-based international affairs nonprofit. “The more sustainers you have, the less chewing on fingernails in December,” she said.

Sponsored by Oracle/Netsuite Sponsored by Oracle/Netsuite[/caption]

While nonprofit executives might have been chewing their fingernails last December, the year turned out on the positive side for the largest organizations. Total revenue topped $84.7 billion, almost 5 percent greater than the previous year, for the organizations in the 32nd annual The NPT 100, a study of the largest nonprofits in the United States that derive at least 10 percent of revenue from public support. The increase was the result of spikes across every revenue category except government support, which was down 3.68 percent to $9.75 billion.

Public support was up by 3.43 percent, totaling $46.637 billion, comprising 55 percent of overall revenue. Program service revenue was up 11.5 percent, to $21.4 billion, or about 25 cents of every dollar nonprofits generated. Investment income for the group was up almost 4 percent to $3.84 billion. Other revenue accounted for nearly $2.92 billion.

Expenses for the largest nonprofits were up across the board, including 4.2 percent overall, and totaling $79.739 billion. Administrative expenses were up almost 7 percent to $6.27 billion. Fundraising expenses increased 5.13 percent, to $3.965 billion, and program expenses accounted for the largest proportion, at $69.5 billion, up almost 4 percent.

There were no big decreases that might have been evident because of tax reform, according to Dan Romano, tax partner at Grant Thornton LLP in New York City, which helps organize the financial data for The NPT 100. GuideStar by Candid also aided in compiling data, particularly for national organizations with many affiliates.

Most people who filed tax returns for 2018 have now seen the impact in writing of benefits they have or lost because they no longer itemize deductions or reached certain caps, Romano said, adding that except for December, the economy was good overall during 2018. He’s curious about 2019 now that people know the true effects that tax reform has on them and therefore there might be more of a decrease in individual giving.

Wounded Warrior Project (WWP) bucked previous historical examples of charities that have been under scrutiny or mired in scandal. Susan G. Komen for the Cure hasn’t reached the same levels it did prior to a 2012 dust-up involving Planned Parenthood while also facing evolution of its races and fundraising events. United Way took years to come back from the financial scandal at the national office in the early 1990s.

Revenue and support rebounded in 2018 following turmoil at WWP in spring 2016. While it’s not back to the $400 million reported as recently as 2015, revenue at least reversed declines, going up from $226 million to $263 million.

“Typically, organizations that rely heavily on small-dollar donations that get caught up in scandal you don’t see the turnaround that we’ve seen with them,” said Brian Mittendorf, chair of the Department of Accounting & MIS at The Ohio State University’s Fisher College of Business. “Their recovery, from a financial standpoint, has been pretty impressive.”

Revenue is up but it’s still way below what it was four years ago, said Doug White, a former director of the master of science in fundraising management program at Columbia University and author of “Wounded Charity,” a recent book about WWP’s struggles following media attention by CBS News, The New York Times and others. Revenue is improving, he said, but against what baseline? “I can’t help but think that WWP is simply not the organization it once was, although I have hopes that it will thrive. The mission is both urgent and long term,” he said, adding that the devastation from the crisis is real and sustained.

Natural disasters loomed large for several organizations where higher revenue and support were reported because the fiscal year included the response to Hurricane Harvey, which battered the Houston region during August 2017.

The Houston Food Bank was among the biggest movers in The NPT 100, having revenue jump some 61 percent, nearly $130 million, from $210 million to $340 million for the fiscal year ending June 2018. Likewise, American Red Cross was up by almost $1 billion, from $2.6 billion to $3.6 billion in total revenue.

Nine organizations reported investment income of more than $100 million, led by The Salvation Army with $772 million, which was up almost 42 percent from 2017.

Thirty-six organizations reported a decline in investment income, meaning they realized gains and dividends totaling less than the previous year. Only four nonprofits in The NPT 100 reported a realized loss in investment income for 2018.

Marta Tellado“We have to create a sustainable model that has impact. When you get that right, it creates a lot of independence for the organization. Marta Tellado, CEO, Consumer Reports

That program service revenue was up overall “proves that organizations are creating new revenue streams,” Romano said, trying to do things different than what was done in the past. “What else can we do? How can we raise funds elsewhere to make up for any shortfall in donations?”

At Yonkers, N.Y.-based Consumer Reports (CR), members contribute about 80 percent of the total $240 million in annual revenue, according to CEO Marta Tellado. There’s also a very committed and loyal community of small-dollar donors, some of whom are members, but some not, who provide about $25 million in all. The balance comes from major donors and institutional philanthropy, she said. “We have to create a sustainable model that has impact. When you get that right, it creates a lot of independence for the organization. It allows you to do things and not be at the mercy of the ebb and flow of philanthropic dollars,” Tellado said.

Disease related charities continue to partner with pharmaceutical companies in myriad ways, including investing in research and drugs at early stages. Overall revenue at the Rye Brook, N.Y.-based Leukemia and Lymphoma Society (LLS) increased 27 percent, to almost $439 million, across a number of categories. That’s despite a steep decline in revenue from its Therapy Acceleration Program (TAP), from almost $30 million in the previous year to less than $4 million in 2017. That was the result of a contractual change in the ownership of the drug Celetor.

JDRF’s venture philanthropy fund, the T1D Fund, had income of $15.4 million compared with $12.6 million the previous year, and year-end assets rose from $23.6 million to $45 million as the New York City charity total revenue break out from its typical $200 million level to $230 million. Multiple messages to JDRF were not returned.

Disease specific nonprofits benefit from the fact that a big commercial sector dedicated to finding cures already is established, operating in an area where there’s already a lot of money and players with a commercial interest, said Kat Rosqueta, founding executive director of the Center for High Impact Philanthropy at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Social Policy & Practice. “It’s hard to imagine another big win in an area like domestic violence or homelessness, where there isn’t the same type of financial market financial rewards for a solution that produces positive social impact,” she said.

Diversifying fundraising streams is something that concerns all nonprofit executives. For those in the disease space, that’s one way that they can diversify that other nonprofits can’t, Rosqueta said. On the other hand, while there’s potential for high reward, there’s also the potential for high risk and an illiquid investment. “Many nonprofits don’t have the staff and don’t even have the ability to lock up precious funds in risky, longer-term investments that may or may not pay off,” she said.

Contributions to LLS also were up by almost $100 million, from $148 million to $244 million, driven mostly by co-payment assistance contributions. On the expense side, the Patient Advocate Foundation (PAF) was among the top five highest paid independent contractors by LLS, at $6.65 million. Healthcare and co-payment assistance organizations were among fastest-growing entries in this year’s The NPT 100.

Part of becoming sustainable has been to meet donors and members where they are most comfortable. About half of CR’s members want to receive material in print and another growing audience of equal size prefers digital only. “That’s a very different marketing and promotional strategy,” Tellado said. To get to consumers where they are, that’s becoming a growing expense, she said, and the challenge for nonprofit social enterprises with a growing digital presence has been competing for search terms against the private sector.

“As a scrappy nonprofit, you need to muscle your way in and spend on search terms...they’re on those platforms,” Tellado said.

It’s a struggle right now for any organization trying to reach consumers. Any slight change in algorithms will impact strategy. It’s requiring a new set of skills for nonprofit staff members. “Our model compels us to be more agile, on the digital front lines of marketing rules. I can’t imagine that’s not going to cascade into other nonprofits,” Tellado said.

Whether it’s monthly giving and sustainers or fees for services, leaders at the largest charities continue to try to diversify their revenue.

Growing the sustainer program has been a primary focus and it has paid off for MSF, investing in acquisition primarily through canvassing while also testing digital acquisition for sustainers. Overall, MSF has acquired 22,000 sustainers this year and is on track to acquire 35,000, almost doubling its total from 2018. The target is to raise $40 million this year from 120,000 sustaining members.

Director of Development Thomas Kurmann surmised that revenue got a boost at the end of 2017 because donors knew that tax reform would take effect in 2018, when millions more people were expected to take the standard deduction rather than itemize their taxes.

“We don’t have complete evidence but the assumption is very clear,” he said of the impact that tax reform likely had on charitable giving in late 2018.

On top of the stock market volatility, the federal government shutdown likely impacted charitable giving to some extent. “These two events surely didn’t help people’s confidence,” Kurmann said, as consumers saw their investments and retirement plans declining in real time. “People tend to stick to their money then, not necessarily being as generous as they would be if the economy and the stock market was in an upswing,” he said. Every single element that impacts donors’ confidence from an economic standpoint can move the needle, which happened in 2018, Kurmann said.

Gifts of donated securities to MSF were 40 percent less, about $3.3 million, in December 2018 compared to the previous December, according to Kurmann.

While MSF has been putting its efforts behind monthly giving, it’s also benefited from lower-maintenance efforts to secure contributions. MSF has seen gifts from donor-advised funds (DAF) spike during the past several years while also receiving more contributions through livestream fundraising -- both of which raise money without much exertion of resources.

This year, MSF had a 30-percent increase in revenue from just one event, Summer Games Done Quick (SGDQ), which raised $3 million, according to Reid. That was up from the 20-percent growth the prior year. “At one point, we were excited about it being a $2-million event, a $1-million event,” she said.

What started in 2013 with a pilot fundraiser garnering $257,000 has grown into an annual event that MSF helps out by renting a conference space, bringing field workers and staff to speak on the livestream about the work they do, and opening and closing the livestream on Twitch. Otherwise, it’s mostly hands off for MSF.

While gamers play, hundreds of thousands of people worldwide watch online or in person – some 2,600 were in attendance this year -- and make donations via PayPal. Individual donors can choose to opt-in although a lot don’t do it. “They just give their time to us. They’re not getting direct mail or any of the standard things. If they opt-in, the main thing we do with them, we thank them and remind them the event is coming up,” Reid said. “This is how they give and how they like to give,” she said.

Livestreamers are quite a bit younger than the average MSF direct mail donor, who might be anywhere from 60 to 80 years old, and very specifically interested in fundraising. Other fundraising is about building personal, direct relationships, over a long period of time. This is more of the relationship with the gaming community, Reid said. “They’re not giving outside of these events, it’s very much peer-to-peer fundraisers. It’s like a very large video bake sale,” she said.

Streaming isn’t just video games but all kinds of livestreaming events and strange challenges, she said. “It’s not the only video streaming event. We see it in general as a growing area of opportunity,” she added.

If you don’t invest in the donor pyramid at the bottom, Kurmann said, you run the risk of stagnating. “Every single year you have to compensate for losses that you have in donor file -- people lapsing, not giving a second gift, not converting as you would wish,” he said. “Retention is a big issue so you obviously want to make the bucket less leaky but also make sure you’re bringing more people into the pyramid. Only then can you grow. You cannot rely on donors giving more on average, you need to bring more people into the door. That’s our strategy as well: more regular donors, more people to give to us.”

Half of MSF’s 215,000 new, one-time donors this year are expected to come via direct mail sources. “They’re still valuable donors for us,” Reid said, since they might upgrade to planned gifts, major gifts or the mid-level giving program. “There are a lot of pieces going on at the same time. I think some organizations have then taken a lot out of direct mail to go to other channels. We’re trying to figure out a healthy mix, building new channels,” she said, such as canvassing and testing out other new things next year.”

NPT Top100 Data:

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  Name Total Revenue Public Support Government Investment Program Support Other Revenue In-Kind Services Total Program Expenses Fundraising Expenses Administrative Expenses Total Assets Value Of Investments Total Joint Cost Net Change In Assets Unrestricted Assets Temporarily Restricted Permanently Restricted
1 The Y (YMCA of the USA) 7738001000 1064994000 649653000 130833000 5702800000 189721000 0 7361021000 6276304000 158287000 926430000 15058334000 n/a 0 -193604000 8853251000 1191939000 728505000
2 Goodwill Industries International 6095130089 877522216 385152370 n/a 4721430754 111024749 0 5934344050 5272549450 15896604 645897996 5699098026 1664203040 0 175998240 3875193347 182879021 0
3 Catholic Charities USA 4365415012 806202463 1872374806 31765984 1481895880 173175879 0 4279236819 3755985882 87254871 435996066 3550800.082 n/a 0 n/a 104614547 n/a n/a
4 The Salvation Army 1 2 3 3750278000 2010854000 373324000 772883000 159000000 434217000 589432000 3703604000 3042749000 253010000 407845000 16063223 n/a 0 515265000 6645191000 2024756000 2800019000
5 United Way 1 3663263110 3151885287 317506130 59787737 0 134083956 0 3663263110 3098729903 320903548 243629659 n/a n/a 0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
6 American Red Cross 3608002096 1459751653 48725644 205319131 1849335300 44870368 0 3142984060 2830834780 198540533 113608747 3240247122 1796987465 0 386229239 -46450794 768546038 860056680
7 Feeding America 2827633478 2754033469 0 1524206 23606999 48363370 1175160 2826138224 2788405817 27057007 10675400 148826212 103921970 0 1645514 39649590 89107829 1887109
8 Habitat for Humanity International 2283273292 1496820919 16235118 4242701 641431580 124542974 0 1942952196 1625982033 139364168 177605995 4302815836 777817385 0 250566958 2637592757 430456817 14799817
9 Boys & Girls Clubs of America 4 2196095901 1026898870 642901185 46954792 274212210 205128844 60170573 1913184948 1536092325 128436636 248655987 4016174383 1239039539 0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
10 Task Force for Global Health 2189000714 2161853850 27267850 201199 0 -322185 0 2205512092 2197770783 129715 7611594 61988899 31964714 0 -16511378 26910932 23540016 0
11 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 1755138116 421395267 139983669 2105559 1151473141 40180480 0 1681302389 1529186799 35482803 116632787 2890706000 1511648656 0 223341308 846457749 703139823 205273831
12 Planned Parenthood Federation of America 2 7 1665140369 630643369 143458000 80578000 788984000 21477000 4771000 1420300000 1112300000 102200000 205800000 21656600000 n/a n/a 249300000 1389300000 295700000 196700000
13 ALSAC/St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital 1651985235 1446493050 0 168588999 0 36903186 0 1239750265 889398584 233149738 117201943 4780599912 4540306597 135766476 612924114 3594615589 76544144 1024698330
14 Smithsonian Institution 1466053226 165581338 1004370793 97969819 108484309 67490434 11804620 1390817397 1079462384 41200048 270154965 5149066602 2487059189 12413258 177115985 2842282757 772552683 546206615
15 Direct Relief 1235283489 1231064403 0 4219086 0 0 0 1242507232 1235423130 2196157 4887945 283205397 56310077 0 -6845052 211683121 48040665 0
16 Boy Scouts of America 6 1210625733 518829738 2831345 140713148 401509636 146741866 0 1126469257 975236010 68705630 82527617 4631419819 2535733520 0 n/a 2281317593 608881064 769548915
17 The Nature Conservancy 1184630698 831984439 109198756 117180886 115642257 10624360 17449159 907553872 615798856 122795011 168960005 7409864700 2592559830 0 376712881 5368848048 833406258 396218839
18 World Vision 1055102715 720594218 328747061 3597191 272170 1892075 406000 1052417101 907056921 89113763 56246417 303357722 124362726 0 7104451 84589000 118912000 9500445
19 AmeriCares 1044709662 1042143740 139495 1781210 952079 -306862 698562 1325483294 1309113388 11214559 5155347 327273603 52716909 0 -280929255 96572203 216368191 4969505
20 Catholic Relief Services 1009233176 470945080 516694426 10631596 0 10962074 214895 1011642141 944952568 32485370 34204203 505979571 255614343 1594000 -3008051 108529640 60530491 15779505
21 Shriners Hospitals for Children 951480844 407838816 19320876 353307162 139681988 30261459 0 884184182 709629038 68719015 105836129 8356855492 6337233911 0 -669889791 6258891953 194156000 1137665000
22 Girl Scouts of USA 944931477 113218848 2286482 43868893 706784578 78772676 2244595 909468886 758909487 53219010 97340389 1891258445 1018525011 0 49192771 1433195427 112928339 107963665
23 Food For the Poor 942118943 929576156 12373013 115148 0 54626 0 952604623 897871889 43682999 11049735 32003725 7805300 0 -10487019 24286815 0 1478794
24 Compassion International 890299730 886588666 0 2760637 0 950427 47972 861733317 703381064 89940091 68412162 328616668 209286348 0 28486206 114836417 115510400 11664533
25 American Heart Association 851806734 654610065 5068502 46937365 43636836 101553966 15566440 827059831 666496215 106080843 54482773 1412915908 255614343 233235672 43534994 373439379 384690442 193668655
26 Save the Children 829948062 497407413 321076247 8160553 2132516 1171333 25531616 836093690 728610037 64089058 43394595 304416820 171127121 0 -20752709 111660545 62605574 45933290
27 American Cancer Society 7 766277386 709240898 5392503 57728313 0 -6084328 3946919 769199204 593814923 139865929 35518352 1612834906 881203552 0 -91663763 445554626 311309806 307035805
28 YWCA 8 738001000 102333700 330031237 0 167815762 137820301 0 698752199 599627248 24901284 74223667 1489993875 n/a 0 n/a n/a n/a n/a
29 Catholic Medical Mission Board 734659193 721601548 13010359 47286 0 0 5453566 630583230 620181457 5476937 4924836 218906422 31101838 0 105451956 207700040 4912184 0
30 International Rescue Committee 729556526 288173487 422902511 5793993 9354711 3331824 0 729661667 638207612 36121512 55332543 371224556 289145929 0 8373509 93379962 73560461 55492534
31 Step Up For Students 707661184 705681555 0 999419 976220 3990 368305 674603917 668235653 2449330 3918934 589394333 19281583 0 33057267 8115532 505588095 0
32 Samaritan’s Purse 699753719 649461253 38799415 8338002 1909768 1245281 14923183 672172599 588175829 50156042 33840728 708302578 458364301 14175751 22211880 388051760 260637406 1007009
33 Cru (Campus Crusade for Christ) 627461000 578159000 0 n/a 21802000 27500000 n/a 594303000 497147000 53277000 43879000 399473000 311680000 0 38302000 270801000 11715000 2500000
34 U.S. Fund for UNICEF 615676660 612182700 0 1740278 0 1753682 0 596184610 531770010 45540141 18874459 300263008 137414590 0 21832592 73188041 68192258 4142329
35 CARE 606808858 403108995 193486512 6801910 0 3411441 0 596365098 539428078 30080688 26856332 517533991 214463790 0 15570901 51801056 167461862 141983620
36 Metropolitan Museum of Art 574798843 238614764 12084256 249108489 8530162 37811505 0 492173112 419180093 13809106 59183913 4364352710 3763124873 0 237707897 964277996 1617827759 1089898158
37 MAP International 574727522 572931606 0 92972 2291904 -588960 0 562760195 560313032 1882060 565103 199910725 5349334 0 11985371 90082124 105040680 3775170
38 Patient Access Network Foundation 540784733 530743654 0 10041079 0 0 0 365062418 358373372 877132 5811914 557200700 474149419 0 170746462 19159565 404816768 0
39 PBS 538918769 265996611 11993196 3526008 205781253 51621701 0 494948684 455393576 67334 39487774 498865753 224117424 0 39277050 278980455 114833106 0
40 New York Presbyterian Fund 5 504169631 351814068 0 73337266 69349870 9668427 0 217491692 183423412 20463117 13605163 2891791488 2389586633 0 420570527 776508647 1863561399 219496801
41 Leukemia & Lymphoma Society 438854761 419570497 0 9920211 9230125 133928 6231494 356450352 281819869 45741999 28888484 382344839 339330366 12830983 83944649 143923113 89422942 2886319
42 HealthWell Foundation 437569813 427570435 0 9999378 0 0 0 327823652 324968534 728096 2127022 345846.006 326868210 0 95655376 -756134 329853461 0
43 New York Public Library 436747420 64977441 225585287 134522634 2739262 8922796 10266473 339045029 288863558 10660592 39520879 2034453839 1447267578 0 96004912 648839109 432942624 463061137
44 Ronald McDonald House Charities 6 422964576 352882351 588778 37570381 11780128 20142938 0 305293090 229813105 45381280 30098705 1814690860 942009099 1592447 91771714 1358490527 251749409 95133894
45 Rotary Foundation of Rotary International 412917581 340366804 863659 73203442 15 -1516339 0 338243773 309349717 19948065 8945991 1254692074 1182303240 0 68622065 700460411 111679745 315158144
46 Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders 411957255 394924183 0 2469790 15398689 -846887 1201051 426900720 375180865 46291596 5428259 298832581 161515658 0 -22779257 210870352 25663866 1245734
47 Young Life 399631068 332944426 0 843560 68791079 -2947997 0 358047855 308543980 19879970 29623905 381119135 92720278 0 38529677 317457355 28235583 0
48 The Carter Center 383661843 322615363 29428240 31236881 0 381359 0 370871724 343751310 9655320 17465094 829316465 792074108 0 40157617 281801620 367792451 164954514
49 Make-A-Wish Foundation 2 383558022 290518289 15990171 15030029 55155104 6864429 n/a 375833585 272552481 65448476 37832628 412070027 278555685 0 20348818 127618845 64270628 43601028
50 Patient Advocate Foundation 378626073 368235159 507802 3056921 6620860 55331 2000 292409890 288574053 1027731 2808106 322982588 287304284 0 85933015 11556465 281708429 0
51 Feed the Children 369893569 361390094 6079077 1020297 0 1404101 813193 388774769 363447626 14051261 11275882 120929699 29349538 0 -17840436 104532523 10106410 0
52 Boys Town 2 5 360575707 125334206 11309475 50715136 170565770 2651120 20352186 299020137 239871936 36560845 22587356 1528635522 249580850 32017586 169554987 1232449867 41859212 85400514
53 Institute of International Education 356626594 63067092 252407355 10890725 30238238 23184 0 357090985 315575819 1677532 39837634 228402014 129575699 0 6410794 79411980 66787515 6722475
54 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 356396808 283565451 45609230 20255978 3667983 3298166 0 323188075 285492539 13893456 23802080 491708301 749370290 0 -12730489 152394798 179714247 49154542
55 Special Olympics 9 348390801 271067168 33275552 5351723 11920279 26776079 n/a 328035766 267687509 42454691 17893566 366394786 247685714 27008848 35174228 256453385 53762952 12781876
56 Art Institute of Chicago 347404695 50500632 6654823 56585746 212383078 7418659 1279798 317307084 278578379 9389579 29339126 1623214581 1100926396 0 79178825 236925720 647218890 462718506
57 Alzheimer’s Association 345458627 298779570 22529518 6410118 10504180 7235241 4828722 359577467 273687443 69319116 16570908 354052059 266054676 16449045 -11661456 126389072 87419135 42396483
58 San Diego Zoo 342252000 64439000 0 n/a 260640000 17173000 0 301652000 267799000 9044000 24809000 698029000 276510000 0 35356407 251107000 179230000 69965000
59 Houston Food Bank 340247658 328913572 9373011 738083 1248043 -25051 0 308361319 306613013 585743 1162563 108755326 68677308 0 31822857 96545351 2658971 15000
60 Pew Charitable Trusts 337873774 290454131 0 45665870 427510 1326263 0 366751233 340658904 4988847 21103482 1260502217 1024375888 0 -10096483 826090363 54740744 0
61 Christian Broadcasting Network 324674393 209403823 0 -944544 502667 115712447 1801662 319708060 274627840 28348032 16732188 170469505 53451603 115121253 1626275 62958254 77240707 4119035
62 U.S. Olympic Committee 322885529 64472846 198864 4132242 127681579 126399998 0 275147324 223475647 5467028 46204649 336619000 217923164 0 45596557 228354366 26323537 11184991
63 Cross Catholic Outreach 322781027 322480735 0 n/a 300292 0 n/a 321923313 306528435 5689178 9705700 6409993 3221046 0 -3531199 5838986 0 0
64 Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts 319131963 92089227 48576598 12576458 151644052 9433151 0 279625925 257534817 11516711 10574397 556989780 129833943 0 34794473 103087407 224007337 109047056
65 GOOD360 317554168 310893366 0 4943 6141039 514820 232412 314934548 310778508 2250992 1905048 40292305 1703587 0 11222359 36296780 1422000 0
66 Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston 316831329 279153287 75000 36744292 577487 281263 24001 178872508 161035848 12259771 5576889 1621577857 1542009763 0 182194182 1395129767 61621562 74248921
67 Mental Health America 10 316188585 38178715 162683889 2719987 106055196 6550798 2066361 315070756 274008262 4258367 36804127 314614704 126118415 0 3409769 183123164 35246128 6517263
68 Metropolitan Opera 313444484 148126326 381000 33314481 128270835 3351842 0 295077021 259312083 10809448 24955490 486124721 297027243 0 -93802761 -164784662 119040995 237806134
69 Mercy Corps 308644568 132751264 175469704 -901011 1101358 223253 693699 313780808 251753928 17343438 44683442 188946120 99735512 0 -4511888 68522870 16089274 0
70 National Fish and Wildlife Foundation 304393817 52841042 80409159 5142023 166773003 -771410 0 299904829 289232288 3333850 7338691 2785913208 365565026 0 10426391 108629972 119676630 0
71 American Kidney Fund 301782488 301221651 0 375858 454 184525 432578 314038493 307190148 4641446 2206899 26571292 23594407 1950476 -13347673 22514910 852260 175017
72 Big Brothers Big Sisters of America 6 294777087 217769903 50075206 3294147 7736492 15901339 n/a 283998856 220589635 34801781 28607440 303074674 149284487 0 41880907 178955382 39895725 20505398
73 UJA-Federation of New York 286344000 217753000 0 71618000 846000 -3873000 681000 241337000 182374000 31255000 27708000 1489192000 1146581000 0 64622000 530404000 451722000 262613000
74 Christian and Missionary Alliance 2 284650599 84235856 0 19164519 166573907 14676317 0 255269737 221020641 2824851 31424245 1068556560 208862250 0 34624181 221814583 42575752 15505478
75 Museum Of Modern Art 283314866 133246072 22200 81951553 34542278 30882165 0 274032845 214081266 12892059 47059520 2206703573 1218650556 0 40747271 683606206 676460556 366873992
76 Wildlife Conservation Society 278649802 78555208 115873631 7628566 60289736 13096351 0 280824304 236511769 11963644 32348891 1101003948 524172729 0 32010490 358982208 221805327 271402396
77 National Jewish Health 278258147 47008538 40670000 7979445 184125398 -1525234 0 261433024 221059800 7847202 32526022 301872000 138268000 0 16943000 71082000 90519000 52192000
78 National Gallery of Art 277316441 34044418 155425553 82885869 290127 4670474 0 199390648 149905913 4663949 44820786 1438384394 1070267256 0 70289419 588663161 463194857 275583955
79 Marine Toys For Tots Foundation 276639200 271654696 0 4933161 0 51343 7275195 270863713 261783020 7918792 1161901 155953139 109877061 10262570 -3791637 144640492 0 0
80 Operation Blessing 276331394 273252917 2964753 90186 0 23538 0 272605727 268070429 3278015 1257283 31974163 9147060 0 3750027 2318155 8905324 0
81 Cystic Fibrosis Foundation 275790756 108147646 0 49930894 4441092 113271124 10369497 323035454 273175665 26896581 22963208 4013935956 n/a 0 -418822593 3764331282 7526492 3505698
82 ASPCA 267684553 243128195 0 7405460 13524637 3626261 0 240530281 176362529 51565776 12601976 313130836 210837959 0 8980133 213283348 51874487 17734866
83 Teach For America 263998916 196138148 39835621 5699846 23601646 -1276345 173716 284459497 227655523 29552235 27251739 436749428 374755989 0 7083811 102551845 147010411 117161874
84 Wounded Warrior Project 263762696 246204557 0 12728924 0 4829215 67384435 274021252 197401711 61806569 14812972 344555780 321591883 39086750 -11869049 298231325 5941216 1000000
85 World Wildlife Fund 256825626 195894185 46811542 6542602 570889 7006408 81349723 258037473 202247798 36933201 18856474 502673998 296157647 36797472 14903230 164571699 153937568 44562715
86 NPR 251960663 97030734 110000 4060065 142185731 8574133 0 243863711 157067495 13217165 73579051 357686876 95673422 0 6928494 114945844 17986439 0
87 Consumer Reports 248450039 28008476 641900 13444352 205372594 982717 0 253014126 215030230 12026955 25956941 417239171 312912658 0 -5983461 164711030 3595118 0
88 Project Orbis International 2 246716443 246346779 0 128264 0 241400 0 245746917 228156288 9558897 8031732 65469262 9155948 0 287494 48800429 12871634 0
89 Good Days (formerly Chronic Disease Fund) 240058988 235462675 0 637191 2932460 1026662 0 236035879 229430548 484511 6120820 66277315 64907776 0 4408008 25306888 31396806 0
90 Midwest Food Bank 238085848 227493048 9694280 138547 134188 625785 178457 233737717 232081699 532867 1123151 38570267 5852952 0 4089438 33071798 1600673 0
91 WGBH Educational Foundation 231841889 163172725 7517453 6811052 16981335 5615221 1436469 214896775 170358591 30219799 14318385 914594427 443864489 0 30544208 397405206 165184171 41332320
92 Matthew 25: Ministries 231317182 228594965 0 -521359 2221046 1022530 0 240584278 238763327 990212 830739 71857347 6036581 0 -8471029 71328171 0 529176
93 JDRF 230115984 219968105 0 7177001 0 2970878 0 208427675 164074629 27984238 16368808 226353181 160858932 2026999 19036979 57009483 31828000 7568000
94 Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago 228324693 188246283 255269 28768951 10439367 614823 0 197746286 175398952 7905287 14442047 1215373300 1026130501 0 -60758978 490492264 129047794 95564327
95 Scholarship America 214942073 191833057 0 8047236 13191477 1870303 0 211428304 201864331 2444716 7119257 322387578 311553120 0 -9142434 71682133 68740980 135911900
96 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 2 214110387 99472948 57143745 19468238 23094740 14930716 0 155469197 134863989 2311714 18293494 812593560 409568613 0 92532908 402838559 152945674 107871840
97 Ducks Unlimited 211823694 76060166 82650377 2781004 5777409 22965723 0 203487906 165894389 31239740 6353777 287627837 124273199 21405000 5592093 81581931 123025527 34623415
98 The Assistance Fund 211773218 212089976 0 -316758 0 0 0 160618822 154339439 1212499 5066884 176389135 132052842 0 51154396 20804890 149079788 0
99 The Conservation Fund 209741782 70100910 15673157 5144703 108395588 10427424 0 194860723 187929132 2736842 4194749 787856621 256994994 0 -23696862 197282660 141166656 104388637
100 American Museum of Natural History 205386527 93365315 31375240 24243331 35986559 13592632 0 215136437 176410328 7860749 30865360 1463348689 888626144 0 32288753 288303433 542226141 240132236

*In-kind services include donated services & product 2 Financial statements 3 Government support includes grants & fees 4 Unaudited compilation from member clubs + audited financials of national office 5 FYE 2017 6 Compilation of FYE 2017 Form 990 of affiliates + national office 7 Includes 501(c)(4) organization 8 Public support includes some overlap with government support
9 Estimate based on 2018 Form 990 for 12 affiliates + national office and 2017 for 39 affiliates 10 Estimate based on 2018 Form 990 of 17 affiliates, 2017 of 96 affiliates & 2016 or earlier of 28 affiliates"