NPT 100: Nonprofits Walked A Tightrope In FY 2019

Largest nonprofits benefitted early, then COVID-19 hit

Ducks Unlimited raised a record $47 million from events — its largest source of unrestricted funds — during Fiscal Year 2019. That helped the Memphis, Tenn.-based nonprofit (No. 96, $236 million) conclude its largest-ever campaign, “Rescue Our Wetlands,” which raised $2.34 billion from more than 2 million supporters.

Memphis-based Ducks Unlimited saw record revenue from events fundraising in 2019.

Total revenue was $86.42 billion for organizations in The 2020 NPT 100, the 33rd annual study of the largest nonprofits in the United States that derive at least 10 percent of revenue from public support. That was an increase of 1.15 percent compared to the Fiscal Year Ending 2018, with a variety of ups and downs across revenue categories.

Public support accounted for the largest portion of revenue at $47.04 billion and comprised more than half of overall revenue (54.44 percent) even though it grew by just 2.17 percent.

The largest percentage increase was in other revenue, up almost 6 percent to more than $3 billion. Program revenue was up less than 1 percent, to $22.66 billion, comprising the second-largest revenue category.

Categories that declined for the 100 organizations included government support, down 1.14 percent to $9.98 billion, and investment income, down 8.2 percent to $3.48 billion.

Revenue as a whole — looking at the group in totality — was basically flat, said Dan Romano, partner and NFP tax practice leader at Grant Thornton LLP, which partners with The NonProfit Times to compile and analyze the data from nonprofit tax forms. Investment income was down, which Romano said was a little surprising considering the economy was good. Other sources of revenue were fairly stagnant, amid some significant increases and decreases.

That investment income dropped was a surprise considering equities markets had a good year in 2019. However, that also might depend on when fiscal years ended for the 100 organizations. While most operate on a June or December fiscal year end, there are some that also might end fiscal years as early as March 2019 or as late as September 2019.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) (No. 37, $605.77 million) enjoyed one of the largest jumps in revenue, more than doubling from the $275 million reported in FYE 2018. The Bethesda, Md.-based charity reported $441 million in investment income, including $329 million in realized gains. A spokesperson confirmed via email that the spike was from non-operating investment income and not from any notable transactions in 2019 but did not respond to requests for further comment.

More so than most operating charities, CFF has a very large investment pool of about $4 billion, said Brian Mittendorf, senior associate dean for staff, human resources, and culture, and the Fisher designated professor of accounting at The Ohio State University’s Fisher School of Business.

A majority of the investments are in public equities and fixed income and 2019 had a substantial rise in equities after a decline in 2018. CFF’s gains amount to about 15 percent, “which wouldn’t be crazy for that year,” he said. It’s reflective of unusually higher investment returns that year, which mirrored U.S. and global returns, Mittendorf said.

Total assets of the 100 organizations was at least $153 billion. Some areas of the study, such as total assets, are not quite complete because not all organizations are able to provide asset information or data for certain categories, particularly the largest ones with vast numbers of affiliates.

Total expenses on the whole were up 2.2 percent, to $82.52 billion. Administrative expenses increased the most, at just less than 7 percent, to $6.75 billion. That is followed by fundraising expenses, at 5.16 percent, and program expenses up just 1.61 percent. Still, program expenses accounted for almost 87 percent of overall expenses, at $71.65 billion. 

Administrative (8 percent) and fundraising (5 percent) were responsible for less than 14 percent of overall expenses. 

It is not surprising that fundraising expenses increased, Romano said, especially coming off the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), when organizations maybe needed a little more effort in raising a dollar.

The number of taxpayers itemizing and taking deductions in 2019 dropped substantially as a result of the 2017 federal tax reform legislation. The number of taxpayers itemizing dropped from about one-third to one-tenth of filers in 2019, according to IRS data. But, that doesn’t necessarily reduce giving. Several studies in recent years projected a drop in giving as a result of tax reform passed in late 2017, though overall giving has been up, with a larger proportion coming from higher-income households.

“Just because someone doesn’t take a deduction, it doesn’t mean they don’t give. It’s just harder to track,” Romano said. They’re not getting that tax benefit and might not be as inclined to give as in the past, he added. “Smaller-dollar donors are the ones who are really in jeopardy because of the pandemic and the state of the giving environment,” Romano said. Organizations that rely on smaller donors probably are in for a tough time this year, as people are unsure what they can give, especially if they’ve been unemployed for a time.

The ACLU Foundation has had a softening among smaller-dollar donors, particularly in the $250 to $1,000 per year giving level, according to Mark Wier, chief development officer. “In some ways, we’re seeing it even though the giving is on par with last year. Other areas of our giving are a bit higher than last year,” he said. “So, it’s the one area that’s not growing for us. It’s certainly possible that it’s connected [to changes in the TCJA]. We don’t have research or a study to point to specifically, but we certainly see a softening in that part of the file,” Wier said.

The ACLU Foundation is the 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization to which gifts are tax-deductible, while the ACLU is the 501(c)(4) social welfare organization which is allowed to be active politically but gifts are not deductible.

The national office made The NPT 100 for the first time, surpassing $200 million in total revenue during FYE 2019. That’s up from about $150 million in each of the previous two years, and less than $100 million just a few years ago, with much of the growth occurring in the years since 2017, when a new administration took over the White House.

There’s been growth across the board in the advocacy space, for organizations of all sizes, including small organizations seeing huge gains, according to Wier.

“One thing I think that’s unique about the ACLU is that we are multi-issue,” he said. “That was always a kind of messaging weakness of ours honestly for so long. It was hard for people to understand what it was that we do because we did so many things in so many different areas of work. It wasn’t really until the election where people started to look at the ACLU and say, ‘Oh, this organization is kind of responding to almost all my concerns about civil liberties and civil rights.’ It sort of galvanized and actually helped us position ourselves as one of the leaders in responding to the administration’s threats,” Wier said.

Small organizations would typically have a narrower mandate, focusing on single issues such as immigration or voting. “The advantages they have is that they can be really clear in their messages. You really know as a donor what areas you’re supporting when you’re giving to that organization, and if it aligns with your values or not,” Wier said. “We get a lot of donors who really support us in some areas, and really disagree with us in other areas and yet they still support us. That takes a certain kind of donor willing to disagree with part of you and still get married, so to speak,” he said.

During large media moments, particularly immigrant-related policies of the administration such as the proposed travel ban in 2017 and family separation, the ACLU acquires more sustainers than it loses. “Media surges” make up for normal times when the organization typically loses some sustainers. That’s why they’re looking at how to build a program focused on sustainer acquisition year-round, Wier said, which would include canvassing — something they haven’t been able to do during the pandemic.

“Sustainers are the most critical donors for us on the low-dollar side by far because they retain at such a high percentage rate compared to a single-gift donor,” Wier said. Since the 2016 presidential election, the ACLU has seen the number of sustainers grow from about 40,000 to 300,000. He credits that in part to optimizing all giving pages to encourage monthly giving. “Younger donors in particular are just moving toward monthly giving, just as a trend,” he said.

While the ACLU has enjoyed huge growth in online acquisition of new donors during media surge moments, direct mail continues to be a critical to the program, especially for second and third gifts, Wier said. “Getting the renewals in, we’re finding that online is not enough of an awareness building, messages probably going to people’s email boxes that they never read,” he said.

Wier expects revenue could dip if voters make a change in the White House. When Barack Obama succeeded George W. Bush as president in 2009, ACLU saw about a 5-percent decrease in revenue year-over-year.

“Regardless of who’s in the White House, issues will be front and center for our donors. Will we see the same surges? That remains to be seen. Maybe it will just flatten out more in terms of support,” Wier said. “Both sides of the aisle have problems with rights,” he said.

The ACLU’s national office centralizes all direct marketing throughout the organization so almost all the lower-dollar fundraising is handled by national. “To help us offset some of the costs, we’ll share a renewal of a new low-dollar donor but we don’t share the first gift of a newly acquired donor because that helps offset our acquisition costs. That’s part of our cost structure,” Wier said.

At a low-dollar level, it can become complicated but essentially the national office indemnified affiliates when the policy was created to ensure they would not see losses with the sharing rules, Wier said. “It guaranteed a certain amount of sharing up to a cap to make sure they were kept whole at that point in time,” he said. To get to that cap, affiliates often are getting 70 percent of revenue up to the cap and there are different rules for multi-year gifts and mega-gifts, he added. The policy allows the organization to be strategic, moving funds around the country where they have the most impact.

BROWNSVILLE, Texas — More than 1,000 people gather in June 2018 to protest President Trump’s immigrant policies. Photographer: Ilana Panich-Linsman

The 2019 fiscal year was record setting in a lot of ways, DU’s Batson said, and this year was projecting another record before the pandemic. Typically, DU raises about $100 million via philanthropic sources. Major gifts account for more than $40 million and another $12 million or so via direct response.

DU has doubled down on its digital efforts. There were five million visitors to ducks.org in 2019, including 41 million page views, with gross online fundraising of $4 million. While some nonprofits have not been able to capitalize on mobile apps, DU has 150,000 users. An interactive duck migration map within the app drives a lot of the traffic.

“It’s a great tool for our fundraising, and it’s a great engagement tool. It’s also easy for us to find advertisers and sponsors,” Batson said. “It’s the activity that drives it. We find ways with the web team to monetize that and find people who see the value in that. It’s a great example of that high value to our advertisers,” Batson said.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) (No. 78, $287 million) had the biggest growth in total revenue of any new organization within The NPT 100. The increase from $143 million in 2018 can be attributed to “Building LACMA,” a $750-million capital campaign to create a new, permanent collection building on the Wilshire campus. LACMA has raised $650 million, including $525 million from private individuals and foundations.

This past fiscal year included a $125-million commitment from Los Angeles County while LACMA typically reports $500,000 to $1 million in government support. But contributions have increased considerably during the past five years: $36 million in 2016; $66 million in 2017; $88 million in 2018; and $100 million in 2019.

“We’re pretty far along, so it feels like the heavy lifting has been done,” said Melissa Bomes, senior vice president of development at LACMA. COVID-19 has changed how Bomes and others at LACMA show off the facility to donors and supporters.

“This is the part of the campaign where you just want to be with people, show them images and renderings, take them through the museum — that’s harder when you have to be closed,” she said, referring to COVID closures.

“We don’t have the opportunity to show things off now. Those are selling points for the museum. In the arts, we’re constantly trying, in the hierarchy of needs, it is always important to show need. To see it in action, communities come together, with whole groups and children being awed — there’s nothing that replaces that,” Bomes said.

Any increase in investment income for The NPT 100 organizations likely will be used in 2020 as nonprofits face declines in revenue or assets as the pandemic hit this year, Romano said. Arts organizations in particular were hit as many limited their programming or shut down altogether for several months. Many of them have large endowments and can weather a downturn a little by tapping into them. “That’s what they’re there for, to protect them in tougher times. They’ve been built for that purpose and used for that purpose,” Romano said.

“This is where organizations that rely mostly on donations might be in a better position to the extent that donations don’t drop drastically,” he said. In discussions with clients, Romano said there hasn’t been a noticeable drop in donations but that may change come year-end. For big institutions, that would put them in a better position since program revenue — a major driver for them — is likely to be impacted this year by the pandemic.

“We’re not the richest museum but we’re definitely fiscal conservatives,” said LACMA’s Bomes. Executives have insisted on a balanced budget for years and decades, including stashing funds into reserves, which helped the facility weather COVID this year. There’s always been money put away for a rainy day, Bomes said. “Now, here’s that rainy day, and everyone’s feeling very grateful.”

A lesson learned from LACMA’s leadership is the importance of being flexible and being able to pivot, Bomes said. “People who can do that will be the ones who get through this,” she said. 

“When institutions get through it — I say when because we will get through it — those two lessons will help us all get strong for the next rainy day,” Bones said. “Those who were responsible, fiscally conservative, were ones who made it through,” she said.

DU was on another record pace into 2020. COVID-19 upended that, with some $17 million worth of events canceled. DU pivoted and ramped up auctions, sweepstakes, raffles and online events, replicating as best as they could the in-person events, Batson said. Despite cancellations, philanthropic revenue was $91 million, down about $12 million overall from 2019, she said.

Events revenue finished down, about $35 million compared to the $47 million in 2019, and overall, a COVID-related deficit of about $3 million was one DU could swallow, Batson said. “Where we were March 1, and projecting the year to be, we feel really good, organizationally, about how we managed,” she said, through the end of Fiscal Year 2020, which ended in June.

Young Life (No. 48, $403 million) has steadily grown each year since 2015, from about $300 million in total revenue to $403 million last year. A majority of the money is from contributions (almost $270 million) but it’s also seen growth in program revenue from fees for its camps, upward of $80 million in 2019 and typically $25 million to $30 million from fundraising events.

The Colorado Springs, Colo.-based nonprofit runs 27 camps throughout the U.S. and Canada, and others worldwide.

It has seen increasing revenues through its related organization, Young Life Foundation, which handles pledges and major gifts ($25,000 or more). Young Life reported revenue via the foundation of $28 million in 2018 to $44 million in 2019. Some of that was the result of a $30-million pledge in 2018, to be paid over five years.

Through February 2020, Young Life was ahead of the previous year’s fundraising events revenue by a few million dollars, before events slated in the spring were pushed back or canceled as a result of the pandemic, according to Vice President of Finance Dave Briggs.

By June, with events and camps severely limited this year, he feared that revenue could be down as much as two-thirds to three-quarters of what it was the previous year. If things continued the way they looked this summer, there might be some decisions to be made if the downslide continued into next camping season, perhaps tapping into reserves, cash or other medium-term, one- to three-year investments, like CDs and corporate bonds.

Since the summer, however, things have turned around and Briggs doesn’t foresee having to tap into reserves or investments because of a surge in donations. “We have been blown away. … This has reversed with the changes we have seen in giving,” he said.

“As the economy and the world opened up, we saw an increase in the number of gifts we were getting and that was whether $25 or $1 million, the number of gifts went from negative prior year, back into positive territory,” Briggs said. “That just got stronger as the fiscal year went on and so we closed out the last two months really strong,” he said as Young Life’s fiscal year ended Sept. 30.

There wasn’t a concerted effort by Young Life to increase engagement with potential donors, at least not on a corporate level, Briggs said. “It’s hard to know whether individual conversations were happening, donors were feeling better about the economy, or just about life; it was probably a little bit of both.”

NPT Top100 Data:

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Organization   19 Total Revenue 19 Public Support 19 Government Support 19 Investment Income 19 Membership Dues 19 Program Service 19 Other Revenue   19 Total Expense 19 Program Expense 19 Fundraising Expense 19 Administrative Expense 19 Total Assets 19 Value of Investments 19 In Kind Contribution 19 Total Joint Cost 19 Net Change in Net Assets 19 Unrestricted NA 19 Temporarily Restricted NA 19 Permanently Restricted NA Totals
YMCA 0 8,001,705,000 1,050,708,000 701,027,000 153,630,000 5,907,007,000 189,333,000 0 7,745,420,000 6,592,972,000 167,120,000 985,328,000 15,594,434,000 n/a 502,720,000 9,291,175,000 1,114,476,000 870,764,000 58,867,819,000
Goodwill Industries International 0 6,438,943,092 976,104,053 537,762,508 4,736,514,428 188,562,103 0 6,167,883,365 5,485,565,905 16,606,746 665,710,714 6,478,508,147 2,129,792,141 431,821,268 4,252,369,703 237,523,933 38,743,668,106
YMCA 0 4,502,691,887 1,653,795,903 1,339,945,683 61,266,471 1,371,640,489 76,043,341 0 5,028,551,757 4,315,635,978 125,013,471 587,902,308 82,128,767 77,574,497 (27,040,050) 59,062,829 17,465,455 1,046,213 19,272,724,999
United Way 1 0 4,051,884,446 3,461,308,024 272,993,183 104,423,351 213,159,888 0 4,051,884,446 3,427,462,106 354,946,958 269,475,382 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 16,207,537,784
The Salvation Army 1 2 3 0 3,650,745,000 1,958,750,000 393,282,000 502,907,000 164,748,000 631,058,000 0 3,712,127,000 3,053,699,000 242,024,000 416,404,000 15,754,850,000 8,294,833,000 (779,026,000) 5,879,408,000 2,024,673,000 2,786,859,000 48,687,341,000
Feeding America 0 2,831,620,652 2,756,779,556 2,460,157 22,629,765 49,751,174 0 2,823,972,605 2,785,029,312 29,143,306 9,799,987 156,975,013 114,316,566 450,233 7,666,315 43,813,029 92,590,488 1,907,326 11,728,905,484
American Red Cross 0 2,813,454,935 775,022,695 42,343,064 65,889,415 1,883,680,966 46,518,795 0 2,937,181,875 2,656,613,224 177,040,894 103,527,757 3,049,904,049 1,629,153,680 (139,987,564) (5,468,828) 570,238,508 877,394,680 17,482,508,145
Task Force For Global Health 0 2,577,020,926 2,552,563,326 23,666,433 791,167   0 2,573,945,806 2,564,110,674 221,874 9,613,258 66,280,703 32,733,230   3,075,120 25,124,158 28,401,910 10,457,548,585
Habitat for Humanity International 4 0 2,283,274,000 1,351,530,000 162,350,000 7,472,000 641,432,000 120,490,000 1,942,952,000 1,625,982,000 139,364,000 177,606,000 4,302,816,000 1,021,294,000 5,188,000 n/a 2,634,593,000 430,457,000 17,800,000 16,864,600,000
Boys & Girls Clubs of America 5 0 2,211,319,373 976,308,864 709,847,468 68,047,792   281,181,531 175,933,718 0 2,051,801,102 1,656,510,108 134,207,541 261,083,453 4,364,670,668 1,560,553,712 58,053,340 n/a n/a n/a   14,509,518,670
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 0 1,985,509,644 454,547,028 149,816,392 2,681,916 1,270,430,919 108,033,389 0 1,883,293,263 1,688,904,739 39,814,387 154,574,137 3,127,097,000 142,105,787 189,582,865 968,782,968 759,256,969 216,414,331 13,140,845,734
ALSAC/St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital 0 1,919,766,290 1,667,190,856 212,808,116 39,767,318 0 1,399,728,747 1,007,518,258 252,021,933 140,188,556 5,461,105,812 5,191,081,747   134,878,941 670,212,522 4,278,902,412 1,087,168,173 23,462,339,681
Planned Parenthood Federation of America 6 0 1,724,022,718 684,666,620 122,200,358 22,583,871 827,807,217 66,764,652 0 1,573,447,923 1,271,320,756 101,818,707 200,308,460 2,340,306,804 1,379,057,293 14,736,303 123,792,612 1,484,301,716 322,063,569 199,127,327 12,458,326,906
Smithsonian Institution 0 1,601,124,226 160,774,255 1,109,478,681 145,117,341 22,680,424 102,158,984 60,914,541 0 1,418,028,412 1,080,380,532 40,060,900 297,586,980 5,420,805,051 2,731,549,644 9,543,437 173,240,130 2,964,141,988 794,234,295 575,905,902 18,707,725,723
Volunteers of America 0 1,503,758,226 152,207,453 17,472,957 1,148,406,409 185,671,407 1,384,106,343 1,230,143,867 21,431,338 132,531,138 2,835,727,170 596,342,561 758,155 122,147,525 922,747,709 448,274,045 10,701,726,303
Direct Relief 0 1,434,057,142 1,432,618,055 1,448,472 (9,385) 0 1,187,834,078 1,181,266,534 2,288,351 4,279,193 527,935,024 95,188,662 2,451,977 246,012,294 417,653,324 88,082,756 6,621,106,477
World Vision 0 1,135,591,490 735,276,195 392,689,961 5,529,061 967,149 1,129,124 0 1,149,108,329 995,782,932 92,983,369 60,342,028 278,619,466 126,447,102 2,454,246 (19,727,346) 77,170,015 106,215,766 9,888,318 5,150,467,205
The Nature Conservancy 0 998,088,724 617,581,785 122,266,421 88,132,946 154,634,920 15,472,652 0 932,617,948 624,416,111 139,919,399 168,282,438 7,710,290,418 2,658,965,836 19,271,707 118,161,944 5,501,115,445 1,215,519,644 21,084,738,338
Girl Scouts of USA 0 979,206,461 159,210,389 2,429,171 32,602,202 712,973,638 71,991,061 0 932,830,845 776,567,855 56,614,055 99,648,935 1,989,290,724 1,031,158,847 1,940,000 45,863,442 1,456,417,150 120,695,228 122,838,495 8,592,278,498
Americares 0 976,347,900 972,589,370 1,387,727 1,611,449 1,053,819 (294,465) 0 1,077,689,775 1,060,120,866 12,074,011 5,494,898 226,198,365 44,136,267 420,519 (101,862,363) 64,990,415 146,029,901 5,027,220 4,493,015,674
Compassion International 0 953,223,395 947,571,184 4,315,448 1,336,763 0 932,620,034 764,417,139 92,680,415 75,522,480 364,011,907 251,268,644 29,110 26,581,192 242,412,669 26,179,873 4,682,170,253
Catholic Relief Services 0 923,000,202 482,881,588 453,988,287 5,126,432 (18,996,105) 0 945,306,705 873,516,709 35,104,613 36,685,383 508,568,926 253,772,285 265,187 1,631,070 (21,562,149) 83,653,591 63,625,240 15,998,656 4,642,566,620
Food For The Poor 0 914,482,299 900,511,687 11,403,102 2,704,660 (137,150) 0 900,608,030 852,254,311 36,352,371 12,001,348 44,475,356 24,180,136 12,887,571 35,941,835 2,711,345 3,750,376,901
Shriners Hospitals for Children 0 815,752,037 380,477,821 22,296,854 254,455,704 964,305 140,551,844 17,005,509 0 902,958,336 720,949,038 74,247,141 107,762,157 10,003,771,442 7,830,755,611 1,417,152,899 7,632,025,852 1,375,840,000 31,696,966,550
International Rescue Committee 0 785,361,499 324,636,736 440,191,858 6,262,879 10,806,614 3,463,412 0 775,058,854 673,461,349 38,835,894 62,761,611 385,105,469 255,260,589 1,842,330 87,327,998 81,454,241 55,493,048 3,987,324,381
Save the Children 0 781,860,963 432,087,769 326,887,972 23,273,083 1,273,053 (1,660,914) 0 753,980,785 643,810,095 64,511,378 45,659,312 336,551,443 190,446,148 43,678,960 45,917,273 131,751,136 134,365,546 3,954,394,002
American Heart Association 0 746,432,389 587,203,348 3,843,034 30,633,502 43,778,355 80,974,150 0 769,704,445 595,748,038 99,531,754 74,424,653 1,437,669,656 808,878,939 38,412,414 230,532,776 760,903,343 358,986,605 388,675,826 197,900,548 7,254,233,775
American Cancer Society 0 734,711,247 691,680,746 5,194,004 37,577,597 15,663 243,237 0 732,988,383 573,200,372 130,472,253 29,315,758 1,722,745,722 889,175,429 18,198,136 94,855,690 473,834,773 359,027,453 325,893,701 6,819,130,164
Samaritan’s Purse 0 734,112,873 673,926,920 46,399,110 10,099,919 2,618,850 1,068,074 0 689,127,369 593,386,578 55,111,464 40,629,327 766,644,176 501,116,353 12,486,196 14,567,839 52,260,650 458,674,126 243,282,699 4,895,512,523
Step Up For Students 0 717,949,667 714,828,892 1,673,206 1,432,494 15,075 0 654,788,551 647,722,004 2,666,911 4,399,636 697,130,640 63,572,105 394,276 63,161,116 6,621,589 570,243,154 4,146,599,316
Boy Scouts of America 6 0 712,300,475 300,444,677 1,743,711 44,480,103 209,722,292 155,909,692 0 682,481,658 576,065,788 54,933,913 51,481,957 2,877,609,603 1,529,959,047 (987,724,865) 1,617,278,142 316,893,964 737,850,601 8,881,430,758
YWCA 7 0 699,382,378 212,127,270 311,144,944     176,110,164   0 665,168,960 571,430,437 23,981,872 69,756,651 n/a n/a n/a 1,044,860,191   3,773,962,867
Cru (Campus Crusade for Christ) 2 0 624,627,000 590,924,000 21,204,000 12,499,000 0 606,807,000 508,896,000 53,809,000 44,102,000 431,286,000 282,443,000 14,053,000 284,148,000 14,921,000 3,489,719,000
CARE 0 620,956,083 405,956,952 196,981,942 11,738,373 6,278,816 0 604,420,101 548,773,499 30,424,179 25,222,423 538,474,281 203,888,998 15,012,241 65,106,874 168,223,852 142,928,053 3,584,386,667
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation 0 605,778,425 108,894,890 441,790,325 4,147,243 50,945,967 0 339,902,243 285,295,162 28,709,962 25,897,119 4,476,511,082 n/a 461,345,360 4,226,469,269 6,182,546 4,057,017 11,065,926,610
U.S. Fund for UNICEF 0 597,520,758 594,118,405 2,061,665 1,340,688 0 579,866,032 514,994,675 44,115,938 20,755,419 457,763,150 135,528,732 19,379,614 69,789,821 90,960,092 4,152,329 3,132,347,318
MAP International 0 590,885,127 588,380,085 158,206 2,557,816 (210,980) 0 562,539,417 559,982,923 1,997,663 558,831 228,035,145 6,368,869 28,384,874 135,072,637 88,435,041 3,775,170 2,796,920,824
Ronald McDonald House Charities 6 0 541,950,746 481,421,274 572,168 20,364,301 11,765,219 27,827,784 0 398,574,949 323,780,966 45,113,349 29,680,634 1,802,368,175 942,554,576 1,165,410 (4,972,842) 1,346,098,235 265,770,414 88,532,339 6,322,567,697
Metropolitan Museum of Art 0 515,073,571 301,215,142 13,164,025 123,737,907 29,091,025 7,246,478 40,618,994 0 491,265,706 422,954,872 15,536,666 52,774,168 4,477,108,999 3,897,743,001 63,120,039 1,061,995,527 1,304,211,292 1,368,917,133 14,185,774,545
Healthwell Foundation 0 488,370,029 481,424,153 6,945,876 0 383,841,702 380,746,603 847,122 2,247,977 473,159,995 429,522,467 126,613,319 25,094,347 430,616,299 3,229,429,889
PBS 0 463,343,885 183,493,475 19,508,487 15,421,971 206,049,091 38,870,861 0 499,334,168 455,148,503 71,854 44,113,811 471,597,021 233,504,101 (43,817,431) 295,228,026 54,768,104 2,936,635,927
Patient Access Network Foundation 0 450,920,542 434,035,433 16,885,109 0 413,026,478 402,208,436 925,257 9,892,785 612,088,227 574,493,880 38,697,446 33,016,047 429,657,732 3,415,847,372
Museum Of Modern Art 0 443,982,645 242,078,604 3,058 139,692,226 2,018,811 30,295,827 29,894,119 0 266,556,359 202,820,894 14,774,322 48,961,143 2,359,955,416 1,355,366,124 155,828,489 749,751,844 720,014,906 413,002,493 7,174,997,280
Medecins Sans Frontieres/Doctors Without Borders 0 434,252,433 416,889,465 3,769,790 14,272,902 (679,724) 0 454,282,448 387,513,455 61,809,202 4,959,791 269,308,565 156,786,214 (14,808,914) 195,752,695 27,218,343 2,411,326,665
Catholic Medical Mission Board 0 433,856,899 422,006,973 11,834,718 49,113 (33,905) 0 587,114,626 576,469,868 5,967,104 4,677,654 66,273,147 31,780,357 5,287,028 (153,194,512) 50,947,551 8,470,161 2,051,506,782
Young Life 0 403,071,493 337,381,455 2,248,762 81,759,184 (18,317,908) 0 370,926,245 321,882,783 21,576,116 27,467,346 403,582,515 99,402,201 21,973,901 345,848,199 21,818,640 2,440,620,932
Leukemia & Lymphoma Society 0 396,221,152 372,750,094 8,619,914 14,936,342 (85,198) 0 367,321,473 266,651,834 48,650,051 52,019,588 454,102,204 425,565,070 10,371,748 12,818,016 32,159,015 174,200,077 94,191,312 2,730,492,692
New York Public Library 0 393,419,155 53,161,537 281,370,731 46,791,373 2,739,741 9,355,773 0 329,448,745 287,542,274 10,930,361 30,976,110 2,122,934,060 1,415,666,542 9,394,766 51,701,542 629,883,473 499,381,928 467,279,011 6,641,977,122
Alzheimer’s Association 0 389,665,878 340,621,274 24,365,506 10,191,501 571,040 9,518,813 4,397,744 0 386,573,873 294,847,274 72,213,608 19,512,991 377,644,348 289,578,412 27,704 16,419,716 6,619,642 136,816,114 83,684,394 42,323,824 2,505,593,656
New York Presbyterian Fund 4 0 387,717,838 276,269,345 24,013,145 86,848,535 586,813 0 192,179,937 159,856,483 22,600,722 9,722,732 2,772,873,108 454,080,698 (123,563,700) 750,418,696 1,762,808,990 222,775,461 6,999,188,803
Art Institute of Chicago 0 376,442,984 75,655,469 6,590,271 45,649,286 15,493,484 225,444,444 7,610,030 0 324,519,159 286,476,820 11,164,091 26,878,248 1,652,785,035 1,131,460,240 454,664 46,528,897 491,925,190 434,002,794 467,464,029 5,626,545,135
The Assistance Fund 0 374,973,159 371,261,409 3,711,750 0 227,201,494 220,590,250 678,332 5,932,912 330,085,994 255,480,937 145,646,075 35,969,704 279,561,049 2,251,093,065
Rotary Foundation of Rotary International 0 363,668,605 321,069,964 906,042 42,181,270 15 (488,686) 0 347,419,988 307,570,766 20,604,142 19,245,080 1,285,533,289 1,216,854,673 22,976,884 696,178,507 114,678,072 339,418,605 5,097,817,216
Special Olympics International 9 0 361,564,475 274,934,521 38,060,321 11,978,271 10,546,204 26,045,158 0 335,347,479 271,163,536 44,375,667 19,808,276 398,526,890 276,679,271 91,330,594 31,769,496 278,936,766 71,218,809 4,612,134 2,546,897,868
Pew Charitable Trusts 0 355,688,959 318,855,082 35,351,339 429,446 1,053,092 0 343,642,823 305,549,210 6,574,805 31,518,808 1,296,392,214 1,064,465,443 18,585,589 843,000,578 56,416,118 4,677,523,506
Cross Catholic Outreach 0 354,039,739 353,707,009 332,730 0 353,517,387 337,260,082 6,429,723 9,827,582 7,148,025 3,948,256   522,352 6,336,338 25,000 1,433,094,223
Boys Town 4 0 351,597,978 134,856,408 11,153,838 23,235,404 178,555,103 3,797,225 0 314,861,452 248,838,317 41,569,060 24,454,075 1,437,805,500 295,726,894 22,931,645 36,723,592 (49,714,452) 1,183,897,670 46,808,062 79,289,409 4,386,387,180
San Diego Zoo 4 0 343,029,843 64,658,224 17,569,040 13,498,710 31,569,129 195,431,597 20,303,143 0 292,900,859 253,620,668 9,040,091 30,240,100 698,029,059 312,844,873 (75) 321,072,305 111,276,036 67,953,584 2,783,037,186
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 0 338,283,054 270,772,225 48,628,526 13,357,355 2,813,221 2,711,727 0 331,659,436 292,795,956 14,548,304 24,315,176 553,987,427 442,076,114 67,798,025 181,365,529 213,699,059 53,997,024 2,852,808,158
Institute of International Education 0 333,235,600 53,250,196 247,167,557 4,512,244 28,265,112 40,491 0 330,153,560 293,481,546 1,918,571 34,753,443 232,158,541 133,285,422 1,322,479 78,547,269 75,697,180 1,847,789,211
Mental Health America 10 0 327,742,078 41,302,925 168,771,224 2,272,431 104,589,955 10,805,543 0 318,517,543 271,317,808 4,652,286 42,547,449 325,253,180 94,609,968 1,520,670 7,340,082 189,319,017 35,908,124 6,999,496 1,953,469,779
JFK Center for the Performing Arts 0 326,464,245 148,426,885 53,509,120 3,356,875 4,288,569 107,790,391 9,092,405 0 254,886,291 229,817,842 13,496,482 11,571,967 661,370,760 141,944,047 65,516,185 283,685,750 108,406,640 109,565,595 2,533,190,049
GOOD360 0 325,497,671 319,794,418 23,949 5,193,705 485,599 0 338,977,287 335,187,635 1,778,516 2,011,136 26,929,068 1,017,331 29,592 (13,457,813) 24,102,028 158,939 1,367,729,061
Teach for America 0 324,085,991 242,092,969 52,451,841 6,237,774 23,612,050 (308,643) 0 287,960,053 216,704,836 29,322,763 41,932,454 460,149,310 387,703,436 105,767 33,396,571 172,430,100 110,528,727 117,161,874 2,505,567,873
American Kidney Fund 0 321,282,066 320,548,623 610,863 979 121,601 0 289,376,285 281,638,736 5,229,897 2,507,652 61,549,114 57,709,909 545,607 2,133,717 33,609,479 54,803,831 2,347,835 1,434,016,194
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 2 0 318,054,420 151,965,602 52,296,078 70,316,368 8,980,991 34,495,381 0 183,748,089 156,000,429 27,747,660 1,182,404,968 774,392,961 309,068,457 529,961,474 442,763,056 4,242,195,934
Christian Broadcasting Network 0 315,207,795 194,813,244 1,132,382 727,843 118,534,326 0 320,134,858 274,299,843 29,883,323 15,951,692 163,973,274 54,151,853 (7,799,498) 62,269,259 70,210,070 4,039,169 1,617,529,433
Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston 0 312,263,899 266,289,866 8,559,180 741,575 36,673,278 0 208,884,853 190,013,126 14,272,400 4,599,327 1,722,662,336 1,649,391,232 n/a 1,511,052,139 54,768,708 77,573,901 6,057,745,820
Mercy Corps 0 311,736,878 133,243,573 176,104,088 760,766 1,475,619 152,832 0 321,330,733 254,972,105 16,945,583 49,413,045 172,705,532 83,117,079 1,003,556 (8,966,825) 68,074,924 7,570,395 1,589,639,883
Metropolitan Opera 0 307,487,383 174,001,885 291,450 4,033,415 23,550 125,756,489 3,380,594 0 313,427,156 278,113,579 11,089,345 24,224,232 452,397,815 262,823,364 (89,153,996) (227,083,743) 98,505,395 231,486,819 1,970,804,732
National Jewish Health 0 306,170,406 231,291,413 44,564,856 3,602,514 11,285,458 15,426,165 0 282,801,092 218,801,855 36,305,700 27,693,537 349,610,698 166,352,748 32,399,983 187,472,980 67,117,480 17,166,028 1,998,062,913
National Jewish Health 0 298,202,040 35,896,027 60,946,782 10,062,746 192,033,726 (737,241) 0 284,109,927 248,826,513 9,025,929 26,257,485 304,229,000 142,428,000 13,011,000 87,606,000 85,886,000 53,312,000 1,851,095,934
Make-A-Wish Foundation 6 0 292,720,567 282,457,976 699,835 5,227,905   3,526,916 807,935 0 280,430,518 213,097,061 42,611,751 24,721,706 341,771,344 237,770,318 57,235 (47,399,059) 103,087,947 51,529,409 33,474,086 1,866,593,450
Feed the Children 287,664,072 279,454,338 3,954,650 1,639,853 2,615,231 0 317,131,924 290,383,716 12,743,832 14,004,376 91,858,812 26,597,475 187,668 (29,252,109) 78,593,958 6,792,866 1,384,370,662
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation 0 287,239,368 40,868,258 92,422,343 6,692,201 147,840,965 (584,399) 0 283,639,002 272,599,579 3,555,154 7,484,269 2,847,334,651 388,183,367 14,249,054 119,896,706 122,658,950 4,634,079,468
Los Angeles County Museum of Art 0 287,095,183 104,203,737 125,796,146 9,161,765 6,833,565 37,930,383 3,169,587 0 120,903,555 100,765,476 6,985,500 13,152,579 953,222,642 507,818,070 182,316,730 128,621,968 325,364,466 25,367,857 2,938,709,209
Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Chicago 0 284,098,539 252,413,786 176,529 20,285,600 11,138,686 83,938 202,822,265 179,527,213 8,002,799 15,292,253 1,264,982,539 1,047,503,831 73,135,712 542,525,366 151,800,982 93,913,749 4,147,703,787
Wounded Warrior Project 0 282,456,768 266,271,219 12,058,402 4,127,147 0 282,645,182 201,048,827 66,311,184 15,285,171 366,150,605 330,851,379 93,447,856 36,520,908 3,589,670 301,860,795 5,901,416 1,000,000 2,269,526,529
Good Days 0 279,125,750 272,663,929 1,408,187 3,300,251 1,753,383 0 263,770,313 256,835,572 703,912 6,230,829 77,604,161 75,066,122 15,279,453 37,426,012 34,557,135 1,325,725,009
ASPCA 0 279,048,974 254,185,353 8,577,107 14,074,642 2,211,872 0 250,628,436 192,847,157 48,100,559 9,680,720 393,129,611 264,225,620 691,562 57,114,508 264,507,765 75,499,444 2,114,523,330
Midwest Food Bank 0 278,011,429 277,247,378 120,359 132,117 511,575 0 280,802,537 279,309,648 494,875 998,014 35,713,743 6,144,936 296,688 (2,343,605) 31,123,467 1,205,399 1,189,768,560
NPR 0 277,707,916 108,827,996 284,885 1,310,839 163,474,736 3,809,460 0 272,720,119 180,622,067 14,414,493 77,683,559 374,768,060 121,054,747 7,147,809 118,972,732 21,107,360 1,743,906,778
UJA-Federation of New York 0 276,193,000 184,455,000 95,439,000 1,187,000 (4,888,000) 0 252,005,000 190,996,000 35,378,000 25,631,000 1,458,215,000 1,124,187,000 330,000 (11,211,000) 508,707,000 454,018,000 270,803,000 4,861,445,000
Christian and Missionary Alliance 2 0 268,549,811 70,350,126 16,308,812 169,245,203 12,645,670 0 266,455,830 233,549,321 1,614,071 31,292,438 1,130,882,876 184,965,554 (3,825,019) 217,120,214 58,950,580 2,658,105,487
Wildlife Conservation Society 0 263,863,758 57,170,942 120,886,717 3,687,923 3,769,015 65,277,375 13,071,786 0 294,950,140 251,018,947 11,600,904 32,330,289 1,102,714,374 505,611,803 (13,223,979) 399,208,658 168,244,898 271,512,396 3,551,695,946
Marine Toys For Tots Foundation 0 263,327,328 258,633,053 4,378,222 316,053 0 239,537,462 229,839,234 8,290,266 1,407,962 187,401,589 125,442,051 10,358,003 33,994,118 176,741,251 1,893,359 1,541,559,951
Consumer Reports 0 254,546,580 35,064,079 1,113 8,369,180 210,164,958 947,250 0 245,328,576 210,834,924 12,017,267 22,476,385 387,779,531 304,340,011 (357,862) 159,796,691 8,151,595 1,859,460,278
World Wildlife Fund 0 249,933,507 195,839,969 34,458,758 12,546,983 794,053 6,293,744 0 236,248,679 176,832,616 39,510,744 19,905,319 508,462,156 297,797,161 75,127,255 42,777,547 11,964,693 163,311,531 162,426,286 49,298,858 2,283,529,859
Project Orbis International 0 245,166,810 48,850,213 194,562,732 673,189 1,080,676 0 243,652,360 227,024,112 8,727,515 7,900,733 65,469,262 19,687,450 2,094,557 (10) 48,800,419 12,871,634 1,126,561,652
Patient Advocate Foundation 0 244,427,016 233,436,862 501,932 5,511,734 75,000 4,868,819 32,669 0 257,659,315 253,844,826 1,073,528 2,740,961 303,594,671 280,957,097 4,980 (13,875,170) 15,351,653 264,038,071 1,854,243,964
The Carter Center 0 243,821,093 179,137,119 31,045,188 33,284,111 354,675 0 235,244,341 215,620,316 9,828,127 9,795,898 858,003,550 836,049,800 28,443,366 300,681,066 377,496,092 164,814,793 3,523,619,535
Scholarship America 0 240,495,295 207,389,252 17,695,537 13,702,456 1,708,050 0 223,779,992 212,992,408 2,444,975 8,342,609 354,597,964 342,327,170 27,441,636 80,865,416 222,911,233 1,956,693,993
JDRF 0 239,329,465 215,659,011 19,973,309 3,697,145 0 212,570,052 159,549,809 31,501,935 21,518,308 244,434,766 174,923,549 2,052,275 19,395,997 76,838,325 31,075,322 7,887,833 1,460,407,101
Ducks Unlimited 0 236,023,425 93,337,469 84,454,022 4,647,338 21,984,270 6,288,001 25,312,325 0 225,547,150 184,467,538 33,208,589 7,871,023 305,955,159 138,689,157 22,191,000 10,957,690 86,437,259 128,689,498 35,061,806 1,651,122,719
Matthew 25: Ministries 0 234,756,977 231,040,047 870,877 1,865,792 980,261 0 202,573,091 2,091,766 512,700 199,968,625 n/a n/a     n/a n/a n/a   874,660,136
The Conservation Fund 0 221,481,591 46,097,318 10,659,099 2,799,793 161,613,592 311,789 0 218,541,676 209,688,731 3,596,262 5,256,683 939,058,111 317,043,307 639,985 4,613,080 203,914,327 243,536,706 2,588,852,050
American Museum of Natural History 0 219,056,859 89,868,915 33,925,963 41,647,008 6,709,206 32,819,578 14,086,189 0 214,965,835 177,972,561 7,736,365 29,256,909 1,463,861,838 876,931,349 (23,599,381) 252,986,874 549,993,208 244,082,347 4,232,301,623
Houston Food Bank 0 208,517,475 190,171,792 13,821,013 (206,161) 3,778,207 952,624 0 216,457,290 214,597,688 747,278 1,112,324 96,909,840 8,266,508 (8,835,458) 88,017,541 2,366,323 1,036,674,284
ACLU Foundation 0 205,432,828 156,940,567 42,064,252 4,044,444 2,383,565 0 140,703,350 119,800,607 14,373,026 6,529,717 496,522,911 416,886,935 28,868,887 226,633,480 73,653,239 71,207,692 2,006,045,500
WGBH Educational Foundation 0 204,723,153 86,206,243 8,004,795 7,572,510 29,207,733 73,615,958 115,914 0 220,616,264 176,619,409 28,183,836 15,813,019 849,469,719 449,614,555 788,738 (81,182,541) 410,985,777 111,753,379 2,592,108,461
                                             
                                           
    Notes:

  1. 1: In-kind services include donated services, product
  2. 2: Financial statements
  3. 3: Government support includes grants, fees
  4. 4: FYE 2018
  5. 5: Unaudited compilation from member clubs + audited financials of national office
  6. 6: Compilation of FYE 2018 Form 990 of affiliates + national office
  7. 7: Public support includes some overlap with government support
  8. 8: Estimate of 2019 Form 990 for 16 affiliates + national office and 2018 for 35 affiliates
  9. 9: Estimate of 2019 Form 990 of 1 affiliate, 2018 of 58 affiliates, 2017 of 17 affiliates, and 2016 or earlier of 9 affiliates
  10. 10: Estimate of FYE 2019 Form 990 of national office + 4 affiliates, FYE 2018 of 7 affiliates